Geniş zaman (genelde do-does olarak bilinir ) ile ilgili açıklamaları " Elementary " bölümünde ayrıntılı olarak bulabilirsiniz. Biz bu dersimizde ise pratik anlamda geniş zamanı nasıl kullanacağımızı örneklerle vereceğiz.
Alışkanlıkların anlatıldığı zaman olarak da tarif edebileceğimiz bu zaman ile ilgili şu sorulara bakalım ;
1 Do you like your job ? / İşini seviyor musun ?
2 Where do you work ? / Nerede çalışıyorsun ?
3 Do you earn a lot of money in your work ? / İşinde çok para kazanıyor musun ?
4 How do you relax after work ? / İşten sonra nasıl rahatlıyorsun / dinleniyorsun ?
5 How many hours do you work in a day ? / Günde kaç saat çalışıyorsun ?
6 What don't you like about your job ? / İşinde neyi sevmiyorsun ?
7 What does she / he do ? / O ne iş yapar ?
8 What do you do ? / Sen ne iş yaparsın ? / Ne yapıyorsun ?
a " Of course. I love my job. I have a lot of excitement and imagination in my job."
b " It is so tiring and stressful when you overwork till night. "
c " It changes. I earn 3000 Dolar per month.When you work extra hours, you will be paid about 4000 dolar."
d " He is an architect "
e " I play soccer with my friends I also play guitar."
f " I work in an office for a French Holding Company."
g " I am a research assistant at a university."
h " I work 8 hours in a day"
Görüldüğü gibi sorular, hedefteki kişinin genel anlamda neler yaptığını anlamak üzere do ve does kullanarak sorulmuş.
1 a, 2 f, 3 c, 4 e , 5 h, 6 b, 7 d, 8 g
Mesela " What do you do " sorusuna birkaç farklı şekilde cevap verilebilir ;
1 I am a research assistant at a university.
2 I'm an engineer.
3 I work in shopping mall
4 I am at school
" What does he-she do?" sorusuna da ;
1 He is an actor
2 She is a musician
3 She is a nurse
4 He works at school. He is a teacher
5 He's a journalist.
Karşıdaki kişinin nerede ( Where ) çalıştığını birkaç farkı şekilde soralım ;
Do you work .........?
a in an office
b in a company
c in a hospital
f at school
g at home
Ne zaman ( when ) çalıştığını ;
a in the morning,afternoon, evening
b in winter,summer
Nasıl ( how ) çalıştığını ;
a with a computer
b with hands
c in a group
d with other people
Şimdi bir metin paylaşalım ;( Oxford/New English File )
Is a man still a child when he is 30 ?
Children usually live with their parents- but until what age ? 20? 25 ?
Present Simple / Geniş zamanı daha iyi anlama adına güzel bir metin daha ; ( Oxford/New English File )
The Mystery of Okinawa / Okinawa'nın Gizemi
Takanashi always walks three km a day, and he sometimes rides motorbike. He often works in his garden, and he usually does martial arts in the morning. He is never stressed, he is hardly ever ill.
Takanashi daima günde 3 km yürür ve bazan motosiklete biner. Sık sık bahçesinde çalışır ve genellikle sabahları uzak doğu sporları yapar. Asla strese girmez ve nadiren hasta olur.
Takanashi lives on the island of Okinawa in Japan. In Okinawa people live a very long life. They are hardly ever ill. Many people live to be 100.What is their secret ?
The Okinawas eat vegetable, fruit fish, soya and rice. They usually have 7 portions of fruit and vegetable a day. People don't usually drink alcohol or smoke. They don't eat much meat and fast food.
Physical activity is very important for those people. Martial arts , walking, traditional dancing, and gardening are very popular with people of all ages.
In many countries people have healthy diets and do exercise. But the unusual thing about the people in Okinawa is that they are not stressed. They are relaxed and take their time. Buses are hardly ever on time, and people aften arrive an hour late for meetings. Every evening hundreds of people, young and old , go to the beach to watch the sunset. People often mediate to relax.
Another important thing is that people often work until they are 80, sometimes until 90. In Okinawan dialect there is no word for "retired". They are busy and active all their lives. Old people don't stay at home- they go out and meet friends. When journalists ask poeple " What is the secret of your long life ? " , they answer " We are happy, we are always positive and we are never in a hurry."