Past Tense'de diyalogları okumaya geçmeden bu zamanda kullanılan " Past time expressions / Zaman kavramları" nı tekrar hatırlayalım:
last / geçen
last week / month / year / century
last summer / winter / spring / autumn
ago / önce
three days / years / months ago
a few years / weeks / months ago
in / De , da
in 2000, 1990
at / de , da ( saatlerde )
at 8.00 / 7.30
yesterday / dün
yesterday morning / evening / night
was / were ( to be / olmak , durumunda bulunmak )
He was born in İstanbul in 1990.
She was a famous poet.
They were famous 10 yeas ago.
Was he born in New York ? - No he wasn't . He was born in Los Angeles.
Verbs / fiiller
He went to the cinema last week. ( went=go fiilinin 2. hali - düsensiz)
She forgot to call us yesterday. ( forgot= forget fiilinin 2. hali-düzensiz )
She cleaned the house all day. ( cleaned= clean fiilinin 2. hali- düzenli )
She finished her work early ( finished =finish )
Where were you last week ? - I was at home.
What was the weather like ? - It was very cool windy.
Where did you go last week ?
Did you like the film ? - Yes I liked.
Not : Olmak ve bir yerde bulunmak durumunu " was ve were " ile soruyoruz. Fiilleri ise " did " yardımcı fiili ile.
Dialogues / 1
A : Hi ?
B : hello. It is Diana. I called you last night, but you weren't at home. / Dün gece aradım , evde yoktun.
A : Yes. because I was at the cinema. / Çünkü sinemadaydım.
B : Oh, really ? What did you see ? / Gerçekten ? Ne gördün / Ne seyrettin )
A : Inception. / başlangıç.
B : What is it good ? / iyi miydi ?
A : Yes, It is really a nice movie. The story and the acting were excellent. / Gerçekten iyi bir filmdi. Hikaye ve oyunculuk mükemmeldi.
B : What did you learn about the movie ? Film hakkında ne öğrendin ?
A : Well, the human mind through dream invasion, in a world technology exists. / teknolojinin var olduğu bir dünyada, rüya istilasına uğrayan insan aklı.
B : What else ? / Başka
A : They gave a thief final chance at redemption and .... / Kurtulması için hırsıza son şans verirler ve....
B : Don't tell the rest. I would like to watch the rest at the cinema. Do you recommend it ?/ Kalanını anlatma. Seyretmek istiyorum. Tavsiye eder misin ?
A : definitely .. / kesinlikle..
Extra paragraph ;
My favourite poet is Mehmet Akif Ersoy. He was a famous Turkish poet, author, academic, member of parliament, and the poet of the Turkish National Anthem. He was born in Fatih, in İstanbul in 1873.
Ersoy's portrait was depicted on the reverse of the Turkish 100 lira banknotes of 1983-89. I admire him because Mehmet Akif Ersoy earned himself his significant place in the history of the Republic of Turkey as the composer of the lyrics of the Turkısh National Anthem. During the session of 12 March 1921, the Turkish Grand National Assembly officially designated his ten-quatrain poem as the lyrics of the national anthem.
Mehmet Akif Ersoy is an important national figure in the history of modern Turkey and has left an immortal trace in its history. During the republican period, Mehmet Akif Ersoy taught history and literature at various universities.
Mehmet Akif Ersoy had abundant knowledge concerning traditional eastern literature. In addition, during the years he was studying at Veterinary school, he enjoyed reading the works of authors such as Victor Hugo, Lamartine, Emile Zola, Jean- Jacques Rousseau.
depict : resmetmek
designate : atamak
teach / taught : öğretmek, öğretti
had / sahip olmak / sahipti
was studying / çalışıyordu
enjoy / hoşlanmak
Dialogue / 2
A : Hi Ian.
B : Hi Ryan. Where were you last week ?
A : I was in izmir.
B : İzmir, Wow ! How were your days ? What was it like ?
A : Very enjoyable and interesting.
B : How was the weather and the food, of course ?
A : The weather was very nice, sunny all the time. In addition, the food was excellent . I couldn't eat too much. but in the second day I was Ok.
B : What exactly did you like ?
A : I liked " İzmir Köfte "
B : Sounds good. I 'd like to go there.
Dialogue / 3
A : Merhaba, John, iyi bir hafta sonu geçirdin mi ? ( Have )
B : Evet, mükemmel bir hafta geçirdim ( have )
A : Ne yaptın ? ( do )
B : Şey, hafta Cumartesi akşam, arkadaşım geldi ve Dvd seyrettik. Pazar arkadaşlarımla buluştum ve Pizza restoranta gittik. ( come / watch / meet / go )
A : Eğlenceli miydi ? ( fun )
B : Evet. Yemek çok güzeldi ve restoranda çok güzel bir atmosfer vardı canlı müzikle birlikte. ( nice / there was )
A : Eve ne zaman geldiniz ? ( come back )
B : 9.00 da geldik. Çok yorgundum ve hemen uyudum. ( come / feel tired / sleep )
Sıra sizde. Yukarıdaki diyaloğu, ipuçlarını kullanarak İngilizceye çevirin. PAST TENSE için iyi bir başlangıç olacaktır. Çevirilerinizi yorumlara ekleyin değerlendirelim.