Daha önce 2 ders halinde çalıştığımız R.Speech’de şimdi MODAL / Y.Fiillerin aktarımını çalışacağız. Söylenen cümleyi başkasına aktarırken ( report ) nasıl değiştine dikkat ediniz ;
Direct Speech ; Reported Speech;
She said “ I will visit you this evening.” She said that she would visit me that evening.
She said “ I must try again.” She said she had to try again.
She said “ I can speak English.” She said she could speak English.
She said “ You should study harder.” She said I should study harder.
She said “ Where shall I go ? “ She asked where she should go.
She said “ She had better stay tonight.” She said she had better stay that night.
She said “ She needn’t know where he was going. She said she didn’t need to know where…..
She said “ I may be late. “ She said she might be late.
Önemli Report / aktarma kelimeleri;
D; Direct R ; reported
Refuse / red etme . D; “I won’t help you.” R; She refused to help me
Promise / Söz verme. D; “ I absolutely lend you some Money.” R ; He promised to lend…
Allow / İzin verme . D ; “ You can use my laptop.” R ; He allowed me to use his…. .
Offer / teklif. D; “ Do you want me to help you ? “ R ; He offered to help me.
Beg / Yalvarma. D; “ Please, be quiet.” R ; She begged us to be quiet.
Agree / Kabul etme. D; “ I will be glad to help you. “ R ; He agreed to help me.
Command / emretme. D; “ come here.” R ; He commanded me to come.
Urge / Baskı, zorlama, ısrar etme D: “Try to be polite” R ; He urged us to be polite.
Threaten / Tehdit etme. D ; “ I will kill you “ R ; He threatened to kill me.
Warn ; Uyarma. D; “ Be careful near the beach.” R ; He warned us to be careful near the beach.
Want / İsteme. D ; “ I would like you to do your business. “ R ; He wanted me to do my business.
Invite / Davet etme . D: “ Would you like to join our wedding?” R ; He invited us to join his wedding.
Accuse of / Suçlama . D; “ You broke my glasses.” R ; He accused me of breaking his glasses.
Admit / İtiraf etme / Kabul etme. D; “ Yes, I broke your glasses “ R; He admitted breaking / having broken the glasses.
Apologise for / Özür dileme . D; “ I ‘m sorry I broke it. “ R ; He apologised for breaking the glasses.
Boast about / Övünme, böbürlenme. D; “ I play chess better than you. “ R; She boasted about playing better than me.
Deny / İnkar etme. D; “ I didn’t break the glass.” R ; He denied breaking the glass.
Suggest / Önerme. D; “ Let’s watch a movie” R ; He suggested watching a movie.”
Complain about / şikayet etme. D; “ You always come late.” R ; He complained to me about my always coming late.
Encourage / cesaretlendirme . D; “ Come on, speak” R ; he encouraged me to speak.
Explain / açıklama. D; “ I will finish the experiment in two months.” R ; He explained to us he would finish the experiment in two months.
Diyalog Aktarma / Reporting a dialogue
D; “ I was glad to hear you have come in the first place in the competition. I hope you feel happy now.” He said.
R ; He said he was glad to hear I had come in the first place and added he hoped I felt happy .