A gerund is a verb form used as a noun. It can function as the subject of a sentence or as an object. For example:

  • Subject: Swimming in the pool is very exciting. (“Swim” becomes “swimming” as the subject.)
  • Object: I like swimming. (Here, “swimming” is the object of the verb “like.”)

Here are some common verbs and expressions that are followed by gerunds:

  • Love
  • Enjoy
  • Fancy
  • Hate
  • Can’t stand
  • Mind
  • Consider
  • Feel like
  • Avoid
  • Give up
  • Dislike
  • Finish
  • Keep
  • Suggest
  • Miss
  • Imagine

Some prepositions (on, at, in) are followed by gerunds:

  • She is good at swimming.
  • On hearing the news on TV, she got sad.
  • He is bad at playing chess.

Additionally, the following expressions are followed by gerunds:

  • Bad at
  • Good at
  • Fantastic at
  • Happy at
  • Terrible at
  • Glad
  • Anxious
  • Sad
  • Worried about
  • Scared
  • Afraid
  • Terrified of
  • Interested in
  • Keen on
  • Proud of

With some verbs and prepositions, gerunds are used with specific combinations:

  • Approve of: I don’t approve of you staying up late.
  • Insist on: He insists on finishing the project today.
  • Believe in: She believes in helping others.
  • Apologize for: They apologized for arriving late.
  • Consist of: The team consists of talented individuals.
  • Succeed in: She succeeded in passing the difficult exam.
Scroll to Top