Countable and Uncountable Nouns
If you’re talking about a singular noun, use “a” or “an.” The usage remains consistent across positive, negative, and question sentences.
Countable Singular Nouns
Positive: I have an apple.
Negative: I don’t have an apple.
Question: Do you have an apple?
Countable Plural Nouns
For plural nouns where the exact number doesn’t matter, use “some” in positive sentences and “any” in negative and question sentences. Remember to use “some” and “any” for both countable and uncountable nouns.
Positive: I have some apples.
Negative: I don’t have any apples.
Question: Do you have any apples?
Note: “Some” can also be used for offers and suggestions.
“Some” and “any” are also used with uncountable nouns.
Positive: I have some money.
Negative: I don’t have any money.
Question: Do you have any money?
He hasn’t got any brothers.
She hasn’t got any luggage.
Note: Remember that “have” becomes “has” for “he” and “she” subjects.