English Grammar Topics

Object Pronouns (me, you, him, her)

We use object pronouns to replace the object of a sentence:

I love swimming, but they don’t understand me.

He is never trying to help his brother. He thinks he disturbs him.

They are not joining us. Why don’t you call them?

His car is in the park. He parked it an hour ago.

There is / There are (Physical Existence)

We use “there is” and “there are” to talk about existence in a physical area:

There is an amusement park near our house.

There are 10 dogs in the park.

There isn’t any salt left.

Is there a bank near here? – Yes, there is. / No, there isn’t.

Present Simple

The present simple tense is used for habits, routines, and general truths:

I always wake up at 6 a.m.

My son never studies on Sunday.

I hate action films.

We have a meeting every Monday at 4.30 p.m.

Frequency Adverbs

Frequency adverbs indicate how often an action occurs:

Always – Usually – Often – Sometimes – Rarely – Never

How often do you go to the cinema? – I never go.

Once a week, I go running. Twice a week, he goes to the gym.

Present Continuous

The present continuous tense is used for actions in progress:

I am reading my newspaper now.

He is studying his lesson now.

She is writing an FCE composition.

It is snowing.

Like / Love / Hate + ing

We use verbs like “love,” “like,” and “hate” followed by -ing:

I like swimming.

You love running.

Tommy likes eating a lot.

We hate playing football.

Prepositions of Place

We use prepositions to indicate location:

The book is on the table.

The box is between the TV and the chair.

The picture is under the cable.

The armchair is opposite the TV.

The cattle is next to the plug.

The computer’s in front of the sofa.

The calendar is above the picture.

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