Present Continuous Tense in English
Present Continuous (Present Progressive): The present continuous tense is formed by using the base form of the verb + -ing, with the helping verb am/is/are.
Time Expressions: now, right now, at present, at the moment, today.
I am learning English now.
She is doing her homework at the moment.
We are making a cake.
Note: For words ending in -e, the -ing suffix is added directly.
Smile becomes They are smiling.
Take becomes She is taking a photo.
Note: For words ending in a single vowel + consonant, the last letter is doubled before adding -ing.
Stop becomes We are stopping here.
Swim becomes They are swimming.
Dig becomes He is digging a hole.
Important: Some action verbs are not used with the -ing form:
Understand: I understand you.
Like: I like ice cream.
Hate: She hates spiders.
Belong: This book belongs to me.
Enjoy: They enjoy watching movies.
Want: I want a new phone.
Need: He needs help.
Believe: I believe you.
Present continuous tense is used for actions happening at the exact time of speaking:
Susan is crying.
I am doing my homework.
Jane is washing the dishes.
It is also used for actions happening around the present time but not necessarily at the exact moment of speaking:
Michael is working in London.
It can also be used to talk about future arrangements:
I’m having my French exam on Tuesday.